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Xi Jinping: correctly understand and grasp the major issues of medium and long term economic and social development

Source: SASAC website release time: 2021-01-19 Views: second

Correctly understand and grasp the major issues of medium and long term economic and social development

Xi Jinping

Today, we hold a forum of experts in the economic and social fields to listen to your opinions and suggestions on the formulation of the 14th five year plan. Today's forum is attended by both economists and sociologists. Just now, experts and scholars made a good speech. Starting from their respective fields of expertise, they put forward valuable opinions and suggestions on the development environment, ideas, tasks and measures during the "14th five year plan" period, which were very enlightening. Other experts attending the meeting submitted written speeches, which were invited to study and absorb. Now, I would like to make some comments on how to correctly understand and grasp the major issues of medium and long-term economic and social development.

Guiding economic and social development with medium and long-term planning is an important way for our party to govern the country. Since 1953, China has formulated and implemented 13 five-year plans (plans), of which 8 have been formulated and implemented since the reform and opening up, which have greatly promoted the economic and social development, the improvement of comprehensive national strength, and the improvement of people's living standards, creating a miracle of rapid economic development and a miracle of long-term social stability rarely seen in the world. Practice has proved that the medium and long-term development planning can not only give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, but also better play the role of the government.

The "14th five year plan" period is the first five years of China's building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way and realizing the first centenary goal. China will enter a new stage of development by taking advantage of the situation to start a new journey of building a socialist modern country in an all-round way and marching towards the second centenary goal. Everything is done in advance, and if not, it will be abandoned. We should focus on the long-term, grasp the general situation, open the door to ask for policy, pool ideas, study new situations and make new plans.

First, look at the new opportunities and challenges in the new stage of development with dialectical thinking. Since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I have said many times that the world today is experiencing a great change that has not been seen in a century. At present, the global epidemic of new crown pneumonia has accelerated the change of the situation. Protectionism and unilateralism are rising. The world economy is in a downturn. The supply chain of global industrial chain is facing impact due to non economic factors. The international economic, technological, cultural, security and political patterns are undergoing profound adjustments. The world has entered a period of turbulent change. In the future, we will face more adverse external environment, and we must be prepared to deal with a series of new risks and challenges.

On August 24, 2020, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the state and chairman of the Central Military Commission, presided over an expert forum in the economic and social fields in Zhongnanhai and delivered an important speech. Photo by Li Xueren, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

The domestic development environment is also undergoing profound changes. China has entered the stage of high-quality development. The main social contradictions have been transformed into the contradiction between the people's growing needs for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development. The per capita GDP reaches 10000 US dollars, the urbanization rate exceeds 60%, and the middle-income group exceeds 400 million people. The people's demand for a better life is constantly improving. China has remarkable institutional advantages, improved governance efficiency, long-term economic growth, solid material base, rich human resources, broad market space, strong development toughness, and stable social situation, so it has many advantages and conditions for continuous development. At the same time, China's unbalanced and inadequate development is still prominent, the innovation ability does not meet the requirements of high-quality development, the agricultural foundation is not stable, the gap between urban and rural regional development and income distribution is large, the task of ecological environmental protection is heavy, the livelihood security is weak, and social governance is weak.

In short, in the new stage of development, profound changes in the environment at home and abroad have brought a series of new opportunities as well as a series of new challenges. We should dialectically understand and grasp the general situation at home and abroad, coordinate the overall situation of the great rejuvenation strategy of the Chinese nation and the unprecedented great changes in the world in a century, deeply understand the new characteristics and new requirements brought about by the development and change of the main social contradictions in China, deeply understand the new contradictions and new challenges brought about by the complex international environment, enhance the awareness of opportunity and risk, accurately recognize the change, respond scientifically and actively Change, dare to open the top wind boat, good at turning danger into opportunity, and strive to achieve higher quality, more efficient, more fair, more sustainable and safer development.

Second, we should build a new development pattern based on the smooth circulation of the national economy. Since the beginning of this year, I have repeatedly said that we should promote the formation of a new development pattern with the major domestic cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual circulation promoting each other. This new development pattern is proposed according to the changes of China's development stage, environment and conditions. It is a strategic choice to reshape China's new advantages in international cooperation and competition. In recent years, with the changes of the external environment and the factor endowment of China's development, the international macro cycle kinetic energy of market and resources is obviously weakened. However, China's domestic demand potential is continuously released, and the vitality of the domestic big cycle is increasingly strong, which objectively has a trend of ebb and flow. There are many discussions on this objective phenomenon in the theoretical circle, so we can continue to deepen the research and put forward some insights.

Since the international financial crisis in 2008, China's economy has been transformed into a major domestic cycle. The ratio of current account surplus to GDP has dropped from 9.9% in 2007 to less than 1% now. The contribution rate of domestic demand to economic growth has exceeded 100% in seven years. In the future, the characteristics of domestic market leading national economic cycle will be more obvious, and the domestic demand potential of economic growth will continue to release. We should adhere to the strategic direction of supply side structural reform, seize the strategic basis point of expanding domestic demand, make production, distribution, circulation and consumption rely more on the domestic market, improve the adaptability of the supply system to domestic demand, and form a higher level dynamic balance of demand pulling supply and supply creating demand.

Of course, the new development pattern is not a closed domestic cycle, but an open domestic and international dual cycle. China's position in the world economy will continue to rise, and it will be more closely linked with the world economy. It will provide broader market opportunities for other countries and become a huge gravitational field to attract international commodities and factor resources.

Third, science and technology innovation will give birth to new development momentum. To achieve high-quality development, we must realize the connotative growth driven by innovation. We should also vigorously enhance our ability of independent innovation and break through key core technologies as soon as possible. This is a major issue related to China's overall development, and it is also the key to form a major domestic cycle.

We should give full play to the remarkable advantages of China's socialist system that can concentrate its efforts on major issues, and make a good fight against key core technologies. We should rely on China's super large-scale market and complete industrial system, create unique advantages conducive to the rapid large-scale application and iterative upgrading of new technologies, accelerate the transformation of scientific and technological achievements into real productivity, improve the level of the industrial chain, and maintain the safety of the industrial chain. It is necessary to give full play to the main role of enterprises in technological innovation, so that enterprises can become the new force in the integration of innovation elements and the transformation of scientific and technological achievements, and create an innovation system closely integrated with science and technology, education, industry and finance. Basic research is the source of innovation. We should increase investment, encourage long-term persistence and bold exploration, so as to lay a solid foundation for building a powerful country with science and technology. We should vigorously cultivate and introduce international first-class talents and scientific research teams, intensify the reform of scientific research institutions, maximize the enthusiasm of scientific research personnel, and improve the efficiency of scientific and technological output. We should adhere to openness and innovation and strengthen international scientific and technological exchanges and cooperation.

From November 12 to 13, 2020, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the state and chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited Jiangsu Province. On the afternoon of the 13th, Xi Jinping was in the exhibition hall of Jiangdu water conservancy project in Yangzhou city to learn about the planning, construction and operation of the East Route of the south to North Water Diversion Project. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie huanchi

Fourth, deepen reform to stimulate new development vitality. Reform is the key to the liberation and development of social productive forces and the fundamental driving force for national development. China's reform has been going on for more than 40 years and has made great achievements recognized by the whole world. The society is developing continuously, and the system and mechanism of regulating social relations and social activities will be constantly improved to meet the requirements of emancipating and developing social productive forces.

With China entering a new stage of development, reform is also facing new tasks. We must take greater courage and more measures to break down the barriers of deep-seated system and mechanism, adhere to and improve the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We should adhere to positive innovation, open up and innovate, and boldly explore our own future development road. We should adhere to and improve the basic socialist economic system, make the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources, give better play to the role of the government, and create a long-term stable and predictable institutional environment. It is necessary to strengthen the protection of property rights and intellectual property rights, build a high standard market system, improve the fair competition system, and stimulate the development vitality of market entities, so as to make all the sources of power conducive to the development of social productive forces flow in full.

Fifth, we should open to the outside world at a high level to create new advantages in international cooperation and competition. At present, the international community has many concerns about the prospect of economic globalization. We believe that international economic connectivity and exchanges are still the objective requirements of world economic development. An important driving force for China's sustained and rapid economic development is opening up. Opening up is a basic national policy. We should comprehensively improve the level of opening up, build a new economic system with a higher level of opening up, and form new advantages in international cooperation and competition. We should actively participate in the reform of the global economic governance system and promote the improvement of a more equitable and reasonable international economic governance system.

At present, we should pay attention to two points in promoting opening up: first, all countries, regions and enterprises that are willing to cooperate with us, including the States, localities and enterprises of the United States, should actively carry out cooperation to form an all-round, multi-level and diversified pattern of opening-up and cooperation. Second, the more open we are, the more we need to pay attention to security, the more we need to coordinate development and security, and strive to enhance our own competitiveness, open regulatory capacity, and risk prevention and control ability, so as to build a strong body.

Sixth, expand the new situation of social development by co construction, CO governance and sharing. Facts have proved that there are no fewer problems after development than when there is no development. China's social structure is undergoing profound changes, the Internet has profoundly changed the way of human communication, and profound changes have taken place in social concepts, social psychology and social behavior. How to adapt to the profound changes of social structure, social relations, social behavior patterns and social psychology during the "14th five year plan" period, to achieve more full and higher quality employment, to improve the full coverage and sustainable social security system, to strengthen the public health and disease control system, to promote the long-term and balanced development of the population, to strengthen social governance, to resolve social contradictions and to maintain social stability Do research and make work plan.

A modern society should be full of vitality and good order, showing the organic unity of vitality and order. We should improve the social governance system of co construction, CO governance and sharing, realize the benign interaction between government governance, social regulation and residents' autonomy, and build a social governance community in which everyone is responsible, everyone is responsible, and everyone enjoys it. We should strengthen and innovate social governance at the grass-roots level, make every social cell healthy and active, resolve conflicts and disputes at the grass-roots level, and create harmony and stability at the grass-roots level. We should pay more attention to safeguarding social equity and justice, and promote the all-round development of human beings and social progress.

I have focused on a few issues above, as well as other issues involved in the medium and long-term economic and social development. I hope you can think deeply and achieve further research results.

On November 23, 2015, when I presided over the 28th collective study of the Political Bureau of the 18th CPC Central Committee, I made a special speech on the study of Marxist political economy. Recently, Qiushi magazine published this speech. Engels said that "all theories of the proletarian party come from the study of political economy". Lenin regarded political economy as the "most profound, comprehensive and detailed proof and application" of Marxist theory. We should use the methodology of Marxist political economy to deepen our understanding of the law of economic development and improve the ability and level of leading China's economic development.

From September 16 to 18, 2020, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the state and chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited Hunan Province. On the afternoon of the 17th, Xi Jinping inspected the equipment manufacturing process in the workshop of Changsha Shanhe Intelligent Equipment Co., Ltd. to understand the technology research and development, production and manufacturing. Photo by Li Xueren, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

Theory originates from practice and is used to guide practice. Since the reform and opening up, we have timely summed up new and vivid practices, constantly promoted theoretical innovation, and put forward many important judgments on major issues such as development concept, ownership, distribution system, government functions, market mechanism, macro-control, industrial structure, enterprise governance structure, people's livelihood security, social governance and other major issues. For example, the theory of the essence of socialism, the theory of the basic economic system in the primary stage of socialism, the theory of innovation, coordination, green, open and shared development, the theory of developing the socialist market economy, making the market play a decisive role in the allocation of resources and giving better play to the role of the government, and about the entry of China's economic development into a new normal and deepening supply The theory of side structural reform and promoting high-quality economic development; the theory of promoting the synchronous development of new industrialization, informatization, urbanization, agricultural modernization and regional coordinated development; the theory that the land contracted by farmers has the attributes of ownership, contracting right and management right; the theory of making good use of the two markets and resources at home and abroad; and the theory of accelerating the formation of new industrialization, informatization, urbanization, agricultural modernization and regional coordinated development The theory of the new development pattern with the major cycle as the main body and the domestic and international dual cycle promoting each other, the theory of promoting social equity and justice, and gradually realizing the common prosperity of all the people, and the theory of overall development and security, etc. These theoretical achievements not only effectively guide the practice of China's economic development, but also open up a new realm of Marxist political economy.

From August 18 to 21, 2020, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the state and chairman of the Central Military Commission, visited Anhui Province. On the afternoon of the 19th, Xi Jinping visited Anhui innovation Museum in Hefei to learn about the scientific and technological innovation and the development of emerging industries in Anhui. Yan Yan, a reporter from Xinhua News Agency

The topic of the times is the driving force of theoretical innovation. Marx, Engels, Lenin and so on promoted theoretical innovation by thinking and answering the issues of the times. Now, in the turbulent world economic tide, it is a major test for our party whether we can control the big ship of China's economy. Facing the complicated economic situation at home and abroad and various economic phenomena, it is helpful for us to master the scientific economic analysis method, understand the process of economic movement, grasp the law of economic development, improve the ability to control the socialist market economy, and accurately answer the theory and practice of China's economic development Questions. The rich practice of reform and opening up and socialist modernization in the new era is a "rich mine" for theoretical and policy research, and theoretical workers in the economic and social fields in China have a bright future. Here, I would like to give you some hope. First, starting from China's national conditions, from China's practice to China's practice, and writing papers on the motherland's land, so as to make theoretical and policy innovation conform to China's reality and have Chinese characteristics, and continuously develop socialist political economy and sociology with Chinese characteristics. Second, we should conduct in-depth research, investigate the actual situation, and give practical suggestions to fully reflect the actual situation, so as to make theoretical and policy innovation well grounded and reasonable. The third is to grasp the law, adhere to the Marxist stand, viewpoint and method, look at the essence through the phenomenon, and explore the long-term trend from the short-term fluctuations, so as to fully embody the advanced and scientific nature of the theoretical and policy innovation. The fourth is to establish an international perspective, explore the common issues facing mankind from the contact and interaction between China and the world, and contribute China's wisdom and China's plan to the construction of a community of shared future for mankind.

This is the speech of General Secretary Xi Jinping at the expert forum on economic and social fields on August 24, 2020.
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